Mali Lošinj

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Due to the fact that there are no permanent water sources on the island, people were forced to find other ways to ensure adequate water supply for their survival. They therefore resorted to collecting rainwater in small solutional hollows of the karstic surface. They lined the bottom of the hollow with clay, thus making the pond impermeable. Communal village ponds were built by the entire village and the water collected was available to everyone. All villagers also participated in its maintenance and cleaning.

Such ponds varied according to their purpose. Some were intended as a source of drinking water exclusively for people while others were intended for other purposes such as washing clothes, watering vineyards, or, those highest in number, to provide water to grazing livestock.

Ponds in pastures were the common property of all land plot owners. Thus each plot had access to water which was enclosed by a dry wall called a derit. The width of the access to the pond would depend on its size and on the number of adjacent land plots. Thus, access to some ponds only measured about a meter in width. Kal Pogana (engl. pond Pogana) is an example of such a pond enclosed by a dry wall.